Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/97912
標題: 大麻合法化之研究—法律社會學的分析
A Study on the Legalization of Marijuana: A Socio-legal Perspective
作者: 王鵬飛
Peng-fei Wang
關鍵字: 大麻;四氫大麻酚;入門毒品理論;毒品危害防制條例;大麻稅法;博格斯法案;列管物質法;鴉片法;容忍策略;Marijuana;Tetrahydro-cannabinol;The Gateway Drug Theory;Marihuana Tax Act;Boggs Act;The Controlled Substances Act;Opium Act;gedoogbeleid
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摘要: 
摘 要
最近幾年,世界各地掀起一股大麻合法化浪潮,有人認為,大麻不會比菸草造成更大的傷害,更不用說它可以作為某些疾病的治療方法。一些西方國家已開放大麻在醫療和娛樂方面的合法使用,顛覆了過去人們對毒品的既定印象,因此,這些大麻合法化的政策和理由相當值得關注。

本文就各種國際公約以及美國、荷蘭的法律,試圖從法律社會學角度去研究贊成和反對大麻合法化的論點,進一步與台灣法律進行比較。

禁用大麻政策涉及到國家的藥物管制政策、社會對大麻的錯誤概念、經濟問題以及頑固保守的官僚思維等複雜背景,導致國內對於大麻合法化的議題始終難以開啟,更遑論深入探討大麻的本質與其醫療效用。但是,面對國外越來越多的科學和醫學研究證明,大麻對人體的健康或社會根本不具有本質上的危害性,美國有越來越多的州政府,通過公投方式來開放民眾使用娛樂用大麻法案,使得大麻合法化議題的討論熱度在近年內急速提升。

本文建議,大麻禁令應逐步解除。短期內,應開放醫療用大麻,並允許65歲以上老人使用大麻,包括醫療或娛樂用途。長期而論,所有成年人都應獲淮選擇消費一定量的娛樂用大麻,無須以法令限制危害性遠低於菸酒的大麻。

Abstract
In recent years, a wave of legalization of marijuana can be seen all over the world. It is argued that marijuana causes no more harm than tobacco, not to mention that it may be served as a cure to certain diseases. Some western countries have legalized marijuana for medical and entertainment purposes. The policy and rationale behind such legalization certainly deserve attention.

This thesis attempts to study the arguments for and against the legalization of marijuana from a socio-legal perspective. Various international conventions as well as the laws of the United States and the Netherlands are analyzed, and a comparison with the laws Taiwan conducted.

It is argued that the policy of prohibiting marijuana has a complicated background involving national drug control, wrong conception about marijuana on the part of society, economic concerns, and bureaucratic stubbornness, despite the fact that more scientific and medical reports have proved that it is non-detrimental to human health or social harm.

This thesis suggests that prohibition of marijuana may be lifted progressively. At the first stage, medical use of marijuana should be allowed, then old persons (age over 65) may be permitted to use marijuana either for medical or entertainment purposes. In the long run, all adults may choose to consume up to a certain amount for entertainment purpose.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/97912
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-08-08起公開。
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