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The influence of happiness, creative thinking and work pressure on creative performance
|關鍵字:||工作滿意度;幸福感;發散性思考;工作壓力;創意行為;Job enjoyment;Happiness;Divergent thinking;Work pressure;Creative performance||引用:||0'neill B. S. and Monica A., Knowledge Sharing and the Psychological Contract: Managing Knowledge Workers Across Different Stages of Employment, Maquette University Business Administration, College of Management Faculty Research and Publications, 2007, pp.1-44. Adler, P. S., & Chen, C. X., Combining creativity and control: Understanding individual motivation in large-scale collaborative creativity. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 36(2), 2011, pp.63-85. Akturan, A. and Gündüz ÇekmecelioğLu, H., The Effects of Knowledge Sharing and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Creative Behaviors in Educational Institutions. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 235, 2016, pp.342-350. Alfredo, R.-M. and Ana I, S.-V., Happiness and Well-Being at Work: A Special Issue Introduction. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 29, 2013, pp.95-97. Amabile, T. 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Purpose - It's widely accepted that a sense of job enjoyment will make employees feel happy and inspire creative behavior. Generating job enjoyment in the workplace is one method to increase workers' creativity thought, however studying the relation between work pressure and creative performance is scarce. Moreover, in Chinese culture, most companies put emphasize on working performance, but few focuses on employees' work pressure. Would work pressure influence working performance or creative behavior? Therefore, this research aims to explore whether more work pressure and more divergent thinking can let employees' performance becomes higher.
Methodology – In the light of the catalog published by Common Wealth Magazine, this research combine the top 1000 manufacturing corporations, top 500 service and top 100 financial companies' middle managers in Taiwan that are our research's main specimen. We particularly concentrated on middle managers and they are the managing directors that in responsible of project management, finance department, human resources department (HR), marketing department, manufacturing department and R&D department. The questionnaire was sent out with sealed letter implying the aim of the investigation and we collected 512 respondents finally.
Findings - According to the job satisfaction literature that employees will feel happy when they are satisfied with their work. This paper develops and tests a theoretical model by exploring job enjoyment, happiness, and creative thinking together to enhance employees' creative performance. The model was tested using a sample of 512 Taiwanese middle managers since middle managers play an important role on creativity and innovation management. Results show that the managers who have more job enjoyment will feel happier; happiness shows to have a positive effect on divergent thinking; divergent thinking shows to have a positive effect on creative performance. Moreover, happiness finds to have negative effect on work pressure. Finally, the study find that work pressure has a significant positive effect on creative behavior.
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