Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98121
標題: 海地非政府組織於森林保育之關係網絡研究
The role of networks of Haitian non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders in forest conservation
作者: 柏莉
Berlye Derival
關鍵字: environmental centered strategies;networks;NGOs;people-centered strategies;environmental centered strategies;networks;NGOs;people-centered strategies
引用: ANAP. (2012). Agence Nationale des Aires Protégées. Retrieved from http://taiguey.org/forum-ap-haiti/files/Strategie%20de%20montage%20ANAP%20-%20Synth%C3%A8se.pdf Åsa, B. A. E. (2004). Communication structure and information distribution in an Indian NGO network -A case study of the YRSHR-network Bebbington, A. (2004). NGOs and uneven development: geographies of development intervention. Progress in Human Geography, 28(6), 725-745. Bebbington, A., & Kopp, A. (1998). Networking and rural development through sustainable forest management: frameworks for pluralistic approaches. UNASYLVA-FAO-, 11-18. CIAT. (2016). Comite Interministeriel d'amenagement du Territoire. Retrieved from http://ciat.gouv.ht/ Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design : qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. Crowell, L. F. (2004). Weak ties: a mechanism for helping women expand their social networks and increase their capital. The Social Science Journal, 41(1), 15-28. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soscij.2003.10.002 FAO, F. a. A. O. o. t. U. N. (2010). Evaluation des ressources mondiales forestières 2010. Retrieved from Rome, Italy: http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/al525F/al525F.pdf Fondation Seguin. (2014). Parc National La Visite Haiti. Haiti: Fondation Seguin. Foundation Seguin. (2015). Save La Visite National Park Fondation Seguin (pp. 1-3). Haiti. Granovetter, M. (1973). The Strength of Weak Ties. American journal of sociology, 78(6), 1360-1380. doi:citeulike-article-id:99857 doi: 10.2307/2776392 Granovetter, M. (1983). The strength of weak ties: A Network Theory Revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233. doi:10.2307/202051 Haiti-reference. (2017). Haitian Constitution. Retrieved from https://www.haiti-reference.com/pages/plan/histoire-et-societe/documents-historiques/constitutions/constitution-de-1987-amendee/ Helvetas. (2015). Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation. 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World Development, 34(6), 951-963. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.11.009 Korten, F. F. (1992). NGOs and the forestry sector: an overview. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a-u7760e/u7760e03.htm Kosoy, N., Corbera, E., & Brown, K. (2008). Participation in payments for ecosystem services: Case studies from the Lacandon rainforest, Mexico. Geoforum, 39(6), 2073-2083. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2008.08.007 MARDNR, M. d. l. A. d. R. N. e. d. D. R. (2009). Carte thématique générale. REPUBLIC OF HAITI Retrieved from http://agriculture.gouv.ht/statistiques_agricoles/Atlas/thematique_generale.html. MDE, M. D. l. E. (1998). Implantation de la convention sur la diversité biologique en Haïti: rapport intérimaire a la quatrième conférence des parties. REPUBLIC OF HAITI Retrieved from https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/ht/ht-nr-01-fr.pdf. Moron, V., Frelat, R., Karly Jean-Jeune, P., & Gaucherel, C. (2015). 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Integrated Baseline Study Port-à-Piment Watershed, Sud Department, Haiti. Retrieved from http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/repository/unep_haiti/docs/A_PAPIM_Baseline_Final.pdf Trejos, B., Chiang, L.-H. N., & Huang, W.-C. (2008). Support networks for community-based tourism in rural Costa Rica. The Open Area Studies Journal, 1(1), 16-25. Union of International Associations. (2017). Deforestation The Encyclopedia of world problems & human potential. World Bank Group. (2017). Forest area (% Land area). Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/ Wunder, S. (2007). The Efficiency of payments for environmental services in Tropical Conservation La Eficiencia de los Pagos por Servicios Ambientales en la Conservación Trópicos. Conservation Biology, 21(1), 48-58. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00559.x
摘要: 
This research explores and stresses out the importance of studying the links between NGOs (non-governmental organizations), international organizations, government and local residents. With a better understanding of networks, amelioration and new laws can be passed in order to protect the natural areas. As there is no literature that explores the links between different actors in forestry in Haiti, the present study aims to provide information about these actors, in order to better understand their strengths and their weaknesses, and provide them with possible solutions. Interviews were carried between the different actors in the network in order to understand their links and the difficulties encountered. Representatives of two NGOs interviewed, namely Helvetas and Foundation Seguin. Additionally, employees from two government institutions, ANAP (National Agency of Protected Areas) and CIAT (Inter-ministerial Committee of Regional Planning). Three local residents were also interviewed. Research shows that the relationships are related to network building, technical assistance, funding, projects reinforcing and information sharing, training, scientific expertise. On the other hand, the difficulties encountered are mainly lack of funding, institutional changes and politic instability, unexpected delays, and difficulties of access to do fieldwork in La Visite National Park and Forest of Pines. The best way to overcome their challenges will be to strengthen the relationships between them with a sustainable funding source which can help to achieve the goals of forest conservation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98121
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-08-31起公開。
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