Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98173
標題: 海芋屬植物種間雜交之研究
The studies on the interspecific hybridization in the genus Zantedeschia
作者: 鎖暐霖
Wei-Lin Soa
關鍵字: 海芋;種間雜交;著果率;胚珠培養;育種;Zantedeschia spp.;Interspecific crosssing;Fruit set rate;Ovule culture;Breeding
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摘要: 
摘要
海芋(Zantedeschia spp.)為天南星科(Araceae)海芋屬(Zantedeschia)植物,由於其花朵色彩豐富、切花壽命長,因此具良好市場。海芋分為兩群,分別為Zantedeschia與Aestivae。本研究目的為評估五個栽培種海芋之育種特性及其正反交子代根莖養球效率,此外進行Aestivae群與Zantedeschia群海芋之群間雜交。試驗使用八種海芋之花粉均具發芽能力,其中以'Crystal Clear' 於添加10%蔗糖濃度之BK培養基花粉發芽率較高,為43.0%。於親本稔性方面,雜交所使用之五個栽培種海芋正反交均可著果,並發現以'Crystal Clear'作為母本之著果率較高,且以'Crystal Clear' × 'Sumatra'雜交子代根莖養球效率最佳。海芋群間雜交以Aestivae群海芋為母本,著果率介於58.5-60.8%,種子有胚率介於36.4-100.0%,然而透過胚珠培養卻未獲得子代;以Zantedeschia群海芋為母本,著果率介於28.3-52.2%,有胚率介於29.4-68.3%,並且在`Large White'× `Cantor'授粉後七周成功胚珠培養出6個綠色苗株。海芋育種流程仍有部分可改善與探討,且群間雜交胚珠培養成功率仍低,未來需進一步研究,方能提高育種效率。

關鍵字:海芋、種間雜交、著果率、胚珠培養、育種

Abstract
Calla lilies, belonging to the genus Zantedeschia, Araceae family, have a high market value due to its colorful spathe, long vase life characteristics. The genus Zantedeschia was divided into two sections Zantedeschia and Aestivae. The study aims to evaluate the breeding characteristics of the five Zantedeschia cultivars and the efficiency of rhizome growth of hybrid offsprings. In addition, reciprocal cross hybridization between sections Zantedeschia and Aestivae two sections of Zantedeschia. The pollens of eight cultivars used in the study possessed the sprouting potential in vitro. The highest pollen germination (43%) was observed in 'Crystal Clear' with BK medium containing with 10% sucrose in vitro. All cross hybridization among five cultivars of section Aestivae can set fruits, and the highest fruit set rate was observed in that 'Crystal Clear' as a seed parents. The hybrid offspring of 'Crystal Clear' and 'Sumatra' had the highest efficiency of rhizome growth. However, the reciprocal cross hybridization between Aestivae section 'Cantor', 'Black Magic', 'Angela' and Zantedeschia section 'Large White' showed a result different rate was 58.5-60.8%. When Aestivae section was used as a seed parent, the fruit set and the percentage of seed containing embryo ranged from 36.4% to 100.0%. Nevertheless, hybrid offspring was not obtained through ovule culture. When Zantedeschia section was as a seed parent, the fruit set rate was 28.3-52.2% and the percentage of seed containing embryo ranged from 29.4% to 68.3%. Furthermore, six hybrid offsprings of `Large White'× `Cantor'were obtained successfully through the culture of ovule at seven weeks after pollination. The breeding process of Zantedeschia still need to be improved in the future, becauce of low efficiency of ovule culture of reciprocal crosses hybridization between sections Zantedeschia and Aestivae.

Key words : Zantedeschia spp.、Interspecific crosssing、Fruit set rate、Ovule culture、Breeding
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98173
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2018-08-06起公開。
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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