Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98261
標題: 植基於直方圖位移和Paillier密碼系統的可分離及可逆式之資訊隱藏方法
Separable and Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted Image based on Histogram Shifting and Paillier Cryptosystem
作者: 張永松
Yung-Sung Zhang
關鍵字: 加密影像;可逆式資訊隱藏;直方圖位移;Paillier密碼系統;Encrypted image;Reversible data hiding;Histogram shifting;Paillier cryptosystem
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Soukal, 'Writing on wet paper,' IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol. 53, pp. 3923-3935, 2005. [7] W. Hong, T. S. Chen, and H. Y. Wu, 'An Improved Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted Images Using Side Match,' IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol. 19, pp. 199-202, 2012. [8] Y. Hu, H. K. Lee, and J. Li, 'DE-Based Reversible Data Hiding With Improved Overflow Location Map,' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 19, pp. 250-260, 2009. [9] M. Li, D. Xiao, Z. Peng, and H. Nan, 'A Modified Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted Images Using Random Diffusion and Accurate Prediction,' ETRI Journal, vol. 36, pp. 325-328, 2014. [10] M. Li, D. Xiao, Y. Zhang, and H. Nan, 'Reversible data hiding in encrypted images using cross division and additive homomorphism,' Signal Processing: Image Communication, vol. 39, pp. 234-248, 2015. [11] M. Li and Y. Li, 'Histogram shifting in encrypted images with public key cryptosystem for reversible data hiding,' Signal Processing, vol. 130, pp. 190-196, 2017. [12] X. Li, J. Li, B. Li, and B. Yang, 'High-fidelity reversible data hiding scheme based on pixel-value-ordering and prediction-error expansion,' Signal Processing, vol. 93, pp. 198-205, 2013. [13] X. Li, W. Zhang, X. Gui, and B. Yang, 'A Novel Reversible Data Hiding Scheme Based on Two-Dimensional Difference-Histogram Modification,' IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 8, pp. 1091-1100, 2013. [14] X. Liao and C. Shu, 'Reversible data hiding in encrypted images based on absolute mean difference of multiple neighboring pixels,' Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, vol. 28, pp. 21-27, 2015. [15] P. Y. Lin, J. S. Lee, and C. C. Chang, 'Protecting the content integrity of digital imagery with fidelity preservation,' ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications, vol. 7, pp. 1-20, 2011. [16] K. Ma, W. Zhang, X. Zhao, N. Yu, and F. Li, 'Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted Images by Reserving Room Before Encryption,' IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 8, pp. 553-562, 2013. [17] Z. Ni, Y. Q. Shi, N. Ansari, and W. Su, 'Reversible data hiding,' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 16, pp. 354-362, 2006. [18] F. Peng, X. Li, and B. Yang, 'Improved PVO-based reversible data hiding,' Digital Signal Processing, vol. 25, pp. 255-265, 2014. [19] Z. Qian, X. Zhang, and S. Wang, 'Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted JPEG Bitstream,' IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 16, pp. 1486-1491, 2014. [20] Z. Qian and X. Zhang, 'Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted Images With Distributed Source Encoding,' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 26, pp. 636-646, 2016. [21] C. W. Shiu, Y. C. Chen, and W. Hong, 'Encrypted image-based reversible data hiding with public key cryptography from difference expansion,' Signal Processing: Image Communication, vol. 39, pp. 226-233, 2015. [22] W. L. Tai, C. M. Yeh, and C. C. Chang, 'Reversible Data Hiding Based on Histogram Modification of Pixel Differences,' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 19, pp. 906-910, 2009. [23] J. Tian, 'Reversible data embedding using a difference expansion,' IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 13, pp. 890-896, 2003. [24] H. T. Wu, Y. M. Cheung, and J. Huang, 'Reversible data hiding in Paillier cryptosystem,' Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, vol. 40, pp. 765-771, 2016. [25] X. Wu and W. Sun, 'High-capacity reversible data hiding in encrypted images by prediction error,' Signal Processing, vol. 104, pp. 387-400, 2014. [26] X. Wu, B. Chen, and J. Weng, 'Reversible data hiding for encrypted signals by homomorphic encryption and signal energy transfer,' Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, vol. 41, pp. 58-64, 2016. [27] S. Xiang and X. Luo, 'Efficient reversible data hiding in encrypted image with public key cryptosystem,' EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, vol. 2017, 2017. [28] D. Xiao, Y. Xiang, H. Zheng, and Y. Wang, 'Separable reversible data hiding in encrypted image based on pixel value ordering and additive homomorphism,' Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, vol. 45, pp. 1-10, 2017. [29] X. Zhang, 'Reversible Data Hiding in Encrypted Image,' IEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol. 18, pp. 255-258, 2011. [30] X. Zhang, J. Long, Z. Wang, and H. 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摘要: 
應用在加密影像之可逆式資訊隱藏愈來愈受到重視,這是因為資訊內容的隱私可以受到妥善的保護之餘,其影像可完整的提取出嵌入的資訊及完全的恢復成原始影像。本篇論文提出一種基於Paillier密碼系統下針對加密影像之可分離及可逆式資訊隱藏方法。本篇方法可以分割成三個部分,分別為影像所有方、資料隱藏方以及影像接收方。在第一個階段中影像所有方利用Paillier密碼系統所產生的公開金鑰對掩護影像進行加密;而下個階段中,資料隱藏方則根據像素間的差異值並利用直方圖位移和隱藏金鑰將機密資訊藏入加密影像中;最後的階段中,當影像接收方使用持有的私有密鑰及隱藏金鑰時,機密資訊的提取與原始影像的恢復則能夠同時被執行。在實驗結果的比較中,本篇論文方法在同樣的資訊藏入量下比其他篇論文方法有較為優異的影像品質。

Nowadays there is more and more attention on performing reversible data hiding in encrypted image, not only the original image can be perfectly recovered after extracting the embedding secret information but also the privacy of content is protected. This thesis proposes a separable and reversible data hiding in encrypted images scheme based on the histogram shifting and Paillier cryptosystem. Proposed scheme can be divided into three parts, including Image owner, Data hider and Receiver. First, Image owner takes Receiver's public key to encrypt cover image using Paillier cryptosystem. According to the differencing between two adjacent pixels, Data hider embeds secret data into differencing applying histogram shifting and hiding key. Finally, Receiver can simultaneously extract the secret information and recover the original image if he/she has hiding key and private key. In the experimental results, it is completely shown that the proposed scheme has better performance of image quality at the same number of embedded bits than others.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98261
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2021-08-23起公開。
Appears in Collections:資訊管理學系

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