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The Influence of Singlet Oxygen Energy on Running Economy
|關鍵字:||單重態氧能量;跑步經濟性;最大攝氧量;休息代謝率;Singlet oxygen energy;running economy;maximal oxygen uptake;resting metabolic ratio||引用:||中文文獻 林正常（2011）。運動生理學。臺北市：師大書苑。 林欣盈、許美智（1999）。抗氧化劑補充與運動表現之關係。大專體育，(43)，137-142。 林信甫、莊泰源（2003）。跑步經濟性及其相關影響因素探討。中華體育，17(3)，53-60。 傅正思、黃憲鐘、馬君萍、王耀聰（2016）。能量消耗與體重控制。興大體育學刊，15，81-89。 湯馥君、施嘉美、鄭景峰、賴淑萍、鄭小嵐、李榮生、張雅茹（2008）。運動營養學。臺北市：禾楓書局。 謝東昇（2013）評估吩噻嗪衍生物作為近紅外光光動力治療與新型活性氧化物之可行性。中興大學生醫工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。 英文文獻 Astorino, T. A., Robergs, R. A., Ghiasvand, F., Marks, D., & Burns, S. (2000). Incidence of the oxygen plateau at VO2max during exercise testing to volitional fatigue. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 3(4), 1-12. Borg, G. (1998). Borg's perceived exertion and pain scales. Human Kinetics. Costill, D. L., Thomason, H., & Roberts, E. (1973). Fractional utilization of the aerobic capacity during distance running. Medicine and Science in Sports, 5(4), 248-252. DeRosa, M. C., & Crutchley, R. J. (2002). Photosensitized singlet oxygen and its applications. Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 233, 351-371. Di Prampero, P. E. (1986). The energy cost of human locomotion on land and in water. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(2), 55. Dolmans, D. E., Fukumura, D., & Jain, R. K. (2003). Photodynamic therapy for cancer. Nature Reviews Cancer, 3(5), 380. Draeger, C. L., Naves, A., Marques, N., Baptistella, A. B., Carnauba, R. A., Paschoal, V., & Nicastro, H. (2014). Controversies of antioxidant vitamins supplementation in exercise: ergogenic or ergolytic effects in humans?. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 11(1), 4. Foster, C., & Lucia, A. (2007). Running economy: The forgotten factor in elite performance. Sports Medicine, 37(4-5), 316-319. Gomez-Cabrera, M. C., Ristow, M., & Viña, J. (2012). Antioxidant supplements in exercise: worse than useless?. American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism, 302(4), E476-E477. Grether-Beck, S., Buettner, R., & Krutmann, J. (1997). Ultraviolet A radiation-induced expression of human genes: molecular and photobiological mechanisms. Biological Chemistry, 378(11), 1231-1236. Guglielmo, L. G. A., Greco, C. C., & Denadai, B. S. (2005). Relationship of maximal aerobic power and muscular strength with the running economy in endurance athletes. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 11(1), 53-56. Hausswirth, C., & Lehénaff, D. (2001). Physiological demands of running during long distance runs and triathlons. Sports Medicine, 31(9), 679-689. Hulten, L. M., Holmström, M., & Soussi, B. (1999). Harmful singlet oxygen can be helpful. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 27(11-12), 1203-1207. Jacob, R. A. (1995). The integrated antioxidant system. Nutrition Research, 15(5), 755-766. Kanter, M. M., Nolte, L. A., & Holloszy, J. O. (1993). Effects of an antioxidant vitamin mixture on lipid peroxidation at rest and postexercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 74(2), 965-969. Karp, J. R. (2008). An in-depth look at running economy. Track coach, 182, 5801-5806. Kenney, W. L., Wilmore, J., & Costill, D. (2015). Physiology of Sport and Exercise 6th Edition. Human Kinetics. Lavin, K. M., Guenette, J. A., Smoliga, J. M., & Zavorsky, G. S. (2015). Controlled‐frequency breath swimming improves swimming performance and running economy. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25(1), 16-24. Martusevich, A. A., Solov'ieva, A. G., & Martusevich, A. K. (2013). Influence of singlet oxygen inhalation on the state of blood pro-and antioxidant systems and energy metabolism. Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, 156(1), 41. Merry, T. L., & Ristow, M. (2016). Do antioxidant supplements interfere with skeletal muscle adaptation to exercise training?. The Journal of Physiology, 594(18), 5135-5147. Nikolaidis, M. G., Kerksick, C. M., Lamprecht, M., & McAnulty, S. R. (2012). Does vitamin C and E supplementation impair the favorable adaptations of regular exercise?. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2012. Ogilby, P. R. (2010). Singlet oxygen: there is indeed something new under the sun. Chemical Society Reviews, 39(8), 3181-3209. Radak, Z. (2000). Free radicals in exercise and aging. Human Kinetics. Rauhala, E. (1995). Some physiological effects of breathing singlet oxygen activated air. An experimental pilot study with ergospirometry. Retrieved from http://valkion.co.uk/Helsinki%20Report_pdf.pdf Saunders, P. U., Pyne, D. B., Telford, R. D., & Hawley, J. A. (2004). Factors affecting running economy in trained distance runners. Sports Medicine, 34(7), 465-485. Tidball, J. G. (2005). Inflammatory processes in muscle injury and repair. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 288(2), R345-R353. Tjelta, L. I., Tjelta, A. R., & Dyrstad, S. M. (2012). Relationship between velocity at anaerobic threshold and factors affecting velocity at anaerobic threshold in elite distance runners. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 24(1), 8-17.||摘要:||
Introduction: Singlet oxygen is produced in the physiological metabolic reactions of various biological systems. The energy released by singlet oxygen was found to increase the antioxidant activity in animal study. In human trials, inhaling the energy released by singlet oxygen before exercise was found to reduce heart rate and blood lactate after exercise and to improve endurance exercise performance. To use energy effectively during endurance exercise is one of the key factor for performance. The purpose of this study was to influence running economy in an enriched singlet oxygen energy environment.
Methods: The study was used a randomized crossover design. Ten active, untrained adults underwent a three-stage trial in a normal（N）environment and singlet oxygen energy（SOE） environment, including 5-minute resting metabolic rate test, submaximal test, and Maximum oxygen uptake test.
Results: The results show that the running energy consumption during submaximal test is lower in SOE environment than that of the N environment, indicating better running economy. Ventilation, respiratory exchange ratio, metabolic equivalent, resting heart rate and VO2max were found no significant difference between SOE environment and N environment.
Conclusion: The current study suggested that exercise in SOE environment improved the energy consumption during exercise. It may be applied to training for a better training quality from energy expenditure perspective. Consequently, it may influence endurance exercise performance.
|Appears in Collections:||運動與健康管理研究所|
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