Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98377
標題: 電動載具之主動式再生制動控制系統
Active Control of Regenerative Brake for Electric Vehicles
作者: 洪浩哲
Hao-Che Hung
關鍵字: 剎驅一體;電荷泵;反向磁場;佔空比;再生制動;Integrated Driving and Braking;Charge pump;Reverse Magnetic Field;Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM);Regenerative Braking
引用: [1] R. Shanmugasundram, K. Muhammad Zakariah,N. Yadaiah, 'Implementation and Performance Analysis of Digital Controllers for Brushless DC Motor Drives.' IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, vol. 19, pp.213-224, 2014 [2] A. Rubaai, Marcel J. C. S. , Abdul R. O. , 'Design and Implementation of Parallel Fuzzy PID Controller for High-Performance Brushless Motor Drives: An Integrated Environment for Rapid Control Prototyping.' IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 44, pp.1090-1098, 2008. [3] SU K. X. , LIN C. Z. , LAI J. H. , WANG W. X. , ' Development of Optimal Design and Drive Circuit for Motor Wheel Motor.' Engineering Science and Education Journal, vol. 11, pp. 333-347, 2014. [4] M. Ye, Z. F. Bai, B. Cao, 'Robust H2/Hinfinity control for regenerative braking of electric vehicles.' Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Control and Automation, pp. 1366-1370, 2007. [5] M. J. Yang, H. L. Jhou, B. Y. Ma, K. K. Shyu, 'A cost-effective method of electric brake with energy regeneration for electric vehicles.' IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 56, no. 6, pp. 2203-2212, 2009. [6] B. Cao, Z. F. Bai, W. Zhang, 'Research on control for regenerative braking of electric vehicle.' Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, pp. 92-97, 2005. [7] C. T. Huang, C. L. Lin, C. S. Lee, 'Efficient energy management for electrical scooters.' Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, pp. 772-776, 2010. [8] X. Nian, F. Peng, H. Zang, 'Regenerative braking system of electric vehicle driven by brushless DC motor.' IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 61, no. 10, pp. 5798-5808, 2014. [9] T. F. Lee, M. H. Hsiao, ' The Research of Switched Wheel Motor Windings Applied to Regenerative Braking System.' Proceedings of the National Symposium of Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society, pp.1678-1683, 2007. [10] M. S. Antony, R. P. Raj, 'Four quadrant operation of vector control of PMSM with dynamic braking.' Control Communication & Computing India (ICCC), 2015 International Conference on, pp. 161-164,2015. [11] B. H. Lue, 'Regenerative Braking Research and Driver Design for Electric Bike.' National Chiao Tung University, Master thesis, 2011. [12] W. C. Lin, C. L. Lin, P. M. Hsu, M. T. Wu, 'Realization of Anti-Lock Braking Strategy for Electric Scooters.' IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 61, pp. 2826-2833, 2014. [13] M. Y. Yang, C. L. Lin, 'Design of Anti-lock Braking System for Electric Vehicle Using Sliding Mode and PI Control.' National Chung Hsing University,Master Thesis, pp. 1-73, 2012. [14] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charge_pump [15] M. K. Liu, C. L. Lin, ' Integrated Driving-Braking Control Design for Electric Bikes.' National Chung Hsing University,Master Thesis , 2016. [16] Y. C. Chen, C. L. Lin, ' Design of Integrated Driving/ABS Control for Electric Scooters.' National Chung Hsing University,Master Thesis , 2017. [17] ZHAN J. R. , ' An Experimental Study of a DC Brushless Motor Driving System.' Da-yeh University, Master thesis, 2003. [18] Z. N. Shi, ' Development of motor drive for electric motor car. ', National Central University, Master Thesis, 2005. [19] https://youtu.be/CfwdPRifMc4
摘要: 
隨著全球能源趨勢與政府政策,電動車未來將會取代汽油車,電動車輛驅動技術已更加完善且普遍,但剎車系統還是採用傳統液壓輔助碟煞,其驅動系統與剎車系統為獨立的兩系統。本論文提出具有高剎車性能的主動式再生制動控制系統,利用馬達由電動機轉換成發電機並產生反電動勢,透過脈寬調製技術調整佔空比對一個電容器充電,將反電動勢做儲存,再利用脈寬調製技術瞬間串聯驅動電壓,猶如電荷泵形成較高的主控電壓,利用主控電壓使馬達進行反向磁場力矩,讓我們可以更有效率使電動載具煞停。本論文提出利用反電動勢再生回充電容,並結合反向磁場剎車之方式,設計剎驅一體控制器。在實驗中驗證此設計方式,運用電荷泵原理充放電提高電壓產生更強的剎車力矩,剎車效率比先前的電阻剎車、電容剎車更加優越。

Looking at the global energy trends and the government policies in Taiwan, electric vehicles are expected to replace gasoline vehicles in the near future. Although electric vehicle technology has been perfect and widespread in recent years, most of the braking systems still use mechanical discs or drum brakes. In addition, the current driving system and the braking system are two independent modules. In this thesis, an integrated driving and braking control system are designed for electric vehicle with active regenerative braking control system. For example when there is no driving current entering the motor stator, and the motor is remaining inertial rotation. The motor becomes a generator with current generated in the opposite direction relative driving current. By using this feature, the back electromagnetic field (EMF) controlled by the pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique to charging a capacitor. The capacitor as an extra energy source is cascaded with the battery as a charge pump. This is used to present excessive braking torque to stop the rotating motor in an efficient way. This thesis proposes that the back EMF can regenerate the charging capacity combined with the reverse magnetic field braking method. We integrated the controller of driving system and braking system. Extensive experimental was conducted to verify the proposed design. Comparing with the resistance brake and capacitive brake, the active regenerative control system is most efficient.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98377
Rights: 同意授權瀏覽/列印電子全文服務,2021-08-13起公開。
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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