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The Success or Failure of Cross-border Environmental Governance: The Case Studies of Atmosphere-related Issue
|關鍵字:||公地悲劇;相對獲益;國際合作;大氣治理;跨界環境議題;Tragedy of Commons;Relative Gains;International Cooperation;Atmosphere-related Governance;Cross-border Environmental Issues||Project:||全球政治評論, Issue 63, Page(s) 97-119||摘要:||
Since jurisdiction of sovereign states and the governance of specific issue are circumscribed by spatiotemporal factors, certain transboundary environmental issues are necessary to be governed by international cooperation. Intriguingly, cross-border environmental issues are only partly can be actively engaged and coordinated by sovereign states, and get positive outcome or under control to some extent. By contrast, the other part of them did not. Why was this the case? This paper aims to explain under what conditions in which international cooperation on atmosphere-related governance is prone to the lack of ＂substantive performance＂, or only keeps up appearances without actual implementations. Based on the qualitative comparative analysis with small-N cases studies, this paper reveals that if there is a transboundary atmosphere-related issue inherently with the tragedy of the commons in a strong degree, it will be more difficult to govern effectively. Further, the research finding suggests that cross-border environmental governance on atmosphere-related issue should not establish its future on international cooperation. Although international cooperation, as neo-liberal institutionalist said, is a means for solving problems, it undoubtedly is, as argued by neo-realists, the last thing that sovereign states are interested in while receiving less than what they expect to get, in terms of relative gains.
|Appears in Collections:||全球政治評論第63期|
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