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Sanitary Standards in International Trade: Protecting Consumers' Health or Defending Industry's Interests?
|關鍵字:||農藥殘留容許量標準;食品衛生安全;國際貿易;產業因素;調和化;Standards for Pesticides Residue Limits;Food Sanitation and Safety;International Trade;Industry Factors;Harmonization||Project:||全球政治評論, Issue 66, Page(s) 117-160||摘要:||
In Taiwan, the impact caused by residue limits for pesticides is not lower than standards for veterinary drug residue limits. This phenomenon has been confirmed from both a number of existing provisions altered and the frequency of trade friction with other countries in both exports and imports. However, why do Taiwan's consumers usually ignore residue limits for pesticides instead of veterinary drug residue limits? Is there a plausible explanation for such an abnormal consequence? This paper, based on qualitative comparative analysis and small-N studies, demonstrates that the industry factor at domestic level enjoys a high correlation with changes of residue limits. In other words, sanitary standards in international trade are very often influenced by economic concerns in the first place rather than food sanitation for consumers. The case studies backed up with evidence not only support the argument mentioned above, but also find that the regulations of safety standard for pesticide residue limits in Taiwan do not often get the upper hand compared to importing countries. This situation does not change to an opposite direction nonetheless but just become to indistinct disadvantage as Taiwan is an importing country. By and large, whether the regulations get 'the upper hand' or become 'disadvantaged', the safety standards in Taiwan are made subject to economic concerns in terms of political decision.
|Appears in Collections:||全球政治評論第66期|
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