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標題: 老子「無名」思想重詮
A New Interpretation of Laozi's Thought of "Wu-Ming"
作者: 蕭振聲
Chun-sing Siu
關鍵字: 老子;道;無名;無為;命名;Laozi;Dao;Wu-Ming;Wu-Wei;Naming
Project: 興大人文學報, Issue 60, Page(s) 1-33

Based on the approach of "naming", historically taken by both ancient and contemporary scholars, Laozi's describing Dao as "wu-ming"(無名) has been understood, almost without exception, as asserting that Dao is nameless, or that it is difficult to give Dao a name. It is also a common view that as all characters of Laozi's Dao are seen as equivalent to what an ideal ruler is capable of, the concept of "wu-ming" at the same time refers to a certain method that is available in governing a society. But, as will be argued, to view "wu-ming" as being without a name needs not exclude other alternatives, though such an approach is undoubtedly reasonable as well as textually rigid. To provide a new interpretation in order to avoid difficulties caused by the naming approach, this article aims to situate the concept of "wu-ming" in the context of the thought of "wu-wei" (無為), which is often translated literally as "action without acting", and to justify that what the term "wu-ming" refers to can be consistently understood as being undesirable to seek an honor and fame.
Appears in Collections:興大人文學報第60期

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