Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98896
標題: A New Investigation of Causes of the Land Loss among Pingpu Aborigines in the Qing Dynasty
清代平埔族土地流失原由新探
作者: 楊克隆
Ke-lung Yang
關鍵字: Pingpu Aborigines;Land Right;Pioneers in Land Reclamation;Aboriginals' Land;Ethnic Relations;平埔族;地權;墾民;番地;族群關係
Project: 興大人文學報, Issue 61, Page(s) 47-78
摘要: 
The purpose of this paper is to probe into the causes of the land loss of the Pingpu aborigines, By sorting out the original statement and integrating the historical documents, it argues for the following three new interpretations of the causes of Pingpu's land loss. First, the prohibited boundary overstepping behavior conducted by the pioneers in land reclamation is definitely not an action that can be individually achieved. The government, in consideration of selling grain stored in granaries at fair prices, preventing disorder, etc. or even undertaking the conspiracy and dishonest possession, connived at the invasion of Pingpu's land committed by the officials in charge of aboriginal affairs and the pioneers in land reclamation for a long time, and it finally rendered useless the policy and injunction which protected aborigines' land rights. Second, under the ideology of Han Chinese chauvinism, the historical conception of old record literature mostly gave praise to the Han people's invasion, which depicts the land-guarded "indigenans inhabitants" as brutal and objectionable people. Third, criminal justice is considered society's last line of defense; however, on account of the long existing corruption, language of estrangement and officialdom's disregard for indigenous inhabitants' right of instituting legal proceedings, the fairness of Pingpu / Han trials were strongly questioned at the time. Through the foregoing political, cultural, judicial, and other absolute superior forces, the Han's power of collective and organized reclamation completed the general domination of the Pingpu people's land; as a result comma the Pingpu's living space was severely squeezed, stepping into the cultural decay and a decline of the ethnic group.

本文旨在探討平埔族土地流失之原由,除針對舊說加以整理,並企圖透過對史料文獻之爬梳與重新解讀,獲得下列三項解讀平埔族土地流失原由的新面向。首先,墾民越界侵墾的違禁行為,絕非墾民單獨之力所能達成,官府在平糶內地糧食、防亂等考量,甚或勾串分肥的情況下,長期縱容通事、墾民侵漁平埔族,終使清廷保護平埔族土地權之政策、禁令等同具文。其次,舊志文獻在漢人主體意識的史觀局限下,對漢人侵墾行為多抱持稱頌的態度,反之,則將「守」土的「番人」塑造成野蠻、乖戾的對象,用以合理化侵墾行為的正當性。其三,司法是正義的最後防線,然因吏治積弊、語言隔閡、官方對「番人」訴訟權的蔑視,導致埔╱漢訟案裁判之公正性在當日已遭強烈質疑。漢人社會集體組織性的拓墾勢力,透過前述政經、文化、司法等絕對優勢力量,完成對平埔族土地的普遍支配,導致平埔族生存空間遭到嚴重擠壓,步向文化淪喪、族群式微之途。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98896
Appears in Collections:興大人文學報第61期

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