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標題: Effect of SiO₂ Content on the Extended Creep Behavior of SiO₂-Based Wood-Inorganic Composites Derived via the Sol⁻Gel Process Using the Stepped Isostress Method
作者: Hung, Ke-Chang
Wu, Jyh-Horng
關鍵字: SiO2-based wood-inorganic composites;activation volume;creep behavior;sol-gel process;stepped isostress method
Project: Polymers, Volume 10, Issue 4
In this study, methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMOS) was used as a reagent to prepare SiO₂-based wood-inorganic composites (WICSiO₂) via the sol-gel process, and subsequently, the extended creep behaviors of WICSiO₂ with weight percent gains (WPGs) of 10%, 20%, and 30% were estimated using the stepped isostress method (SSM). The results revealed that the density of all samples ranged from 426 to 513 kg/m³, and no significant difference in the modulus of elasticity (MOE) was noted among all of the samples (10.5⁻10.7 GPa). However, the MOR of WICSiO₂ with a WPG of 20% (102 MPa) was significantly greater than that of untreated wood (87 MPa). In addition, according to the result using the SSM, the SSM-predicted creep master curve fitted well with the experimental data for the untreated wood and WICSiO₂. This result demonstrated that the SSM could be a useful method to evaluate long-term creep behaviors of wood and WICSiO₂. Furthermore, the activation volume (V*) of the specimens was calculated from the linear slope of Eyring plots, and the resulting V* of all of the WICSiO₂ (0.754⁻0.842 nm³) was lower than that of untreated wood (0.856 nm³). On the other hand, the modulus reduction of untreated wood showed 39%, 45%, 48%, and 51% at 5, 15, 30, and 50 years, respectively. In contrast, the modulus reduction of the WICSiO₂ with a WPG of 10% decreased to 25%, 31%, 35%, and 38% at 5, 15, 30, and 50 years, respectively. Similar trends were also observed for other WICSiO₂ with different WPGs. Of these, the WICSiO₂ with a WPG of 20% exhibited the lowest reduction in time-dependent modulus (31%) over a 50-year period. Accordingly, the creep resistance of the wood could be effectively enhanced under the MTMOS treatment.
DOI: 10.3390/polym10040409
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