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標題: Assessing the recharge process and importance of montane water to adjacent tectonic valley-plain groundwater using a ternary end-member mixing analysis based on isotopic and chemical tracers
作者: Tsung-Ren Peng
Wen-Jun Zhan
Lun-Tao Tong
Chi-Tsun Chen
Tsang-Sen Liu
Wan-Chung Lu
關鍵字: Groundwater recharge;Natural tracer;Montane water contribution;Hydrochemistry;Taiwan
Project: Hydrogeology Journal September 2018, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 2041-2055
A study in eastern Taiwan evaluated the importance of montane water contribution (MC) to adjacent valley-plain groundwater (VPG) in a tectonic suture zone. The evaluation used a ternary natural-tracer-based end-member mixing analysis (EMMA). With this purpose, VPG and three end-member water samples of plain precipitation (PP), mountain-front recharge (MFR), and mountain-block recharge (MBR) were collected and analyzed for stable isotopic compositions (δ2H and δ18O) and chemical concentrations (electrical conductivity (EC) and Cl−). After evaluation, Cl− is deemed unsuitable for EMMA in this study, and the contribution fractions of respective end members derived by the δ18O–EC pair are similar to those derived by the δ2H–EC pair. EMMA results indicate that the MC, including MFR and MBR, contributes at least 70% (679 × 106 m3 water volume) of the VPG, significantly greater than the approximately 30% of PP contribution, and greater than the 20–50% in equivalent humid regions worldwide. The large MC is attributable to highly fractured strata and the steep topography of studied catchments caused by active tectonism. Furthermore, the contribution fractions derived by EMMA reflect the unique hydrogeological conditions in the respective study sub-regions. A region with a large MBR fraction is indicative of active lateral groundwater flow as a result of highly fractured strata in montane catchments. On the other hand, a region characterized by a large MFR fraction may possess high-permeability stream beds or high stream gradients. Those hydrogeological implications are helpful for water resource management and protection authorities of the studied regions.
DOI: 10.1007/s10040-018-1741-2
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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