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標題: High performance layer-by-layer Pt3Ni(Pt-skin)-modified Pd/C for the oxygen reduction reaction
作者: Huang, Jing-Fang
Tseng, Po-Kai
Project: Chemical science, Volume 9, Issue 28, Page(s) 6134-6142.
Bimetallic Pt-Ni with Pt on the outermost layer and an innermost layer enriched in Ni, referred to as Pt3Ni(Pt-skin), is a promising configuration of an electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in fuel cells. We prepare a core (Pd)/shell (Pt3Ni(Pt-skin)) catalyst (Pt3Ni(Pt-skin)/Pd/C) from Zn underpotential deposition (UPD) on a Ni UPD modified Pd/C catalyst, facilitating Pt atomic layer-by-layer growth on the Ni surface through the galvanic replacement process. Pt3Ni(Pt-skin)/Pd/C shows the best ORR performance, with a Pt specific activity of 16.7 mA cm-2 and Pt mass activity of 14.2 A mgPt-1, which are 90- and 156- fold improvements over commercial Pt/C catalysts. The Pt3Ni(Pt-skin) structure effectively inhibits Ni leaching to improve the durability in two accelerated durability test modes mimicking the catalyst lifetime and start-up/shut-down cycles.
ISSN: 2041-6520
DOI: 10.1039/c8sc01358f
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