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標題: Influence of Aggregate Gradation on the Engineering Properties of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete
作者: How-Ji Chen
Chung-Hao Wu
關鍵字: lightweight aggregates;aggregate gradation;standard gradation;uniform-sized aggregates;compressive strength;durability
Project: Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 1324;
Expanded shale lightweight aggregates, as the coarse aggregates, were used to produce lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) in this research. At the fixed water-cement ratio, paste quantity, and aggregate volume, the effects of various aggregate gradations on the engineering properties of LWAC were investigated. Comparisons to normal-weight concrete (NWC) made under the same conditions were carried out. From the experimental results, using normal weight aggregates that follow the specification requirements (standard gradation) obtained similar NWC compressive strength to that using uniform-sized aggregates. However, the compressive strength of LWAC made using small uniform-sized aggregates was superior to that made from standard-grade aggregates. This is especially conspicuous under the low water-cement ratio. Even though the workability was affected, this problem could be overcome with developed chemical additive technology. The durability properties of concrete were approximately equal. Therefore, it is suggested that the aggregate gradation requirement of LWAC should be distinct from that of NWC. In high strength LWAC proportioning, following the standard gradation suggested by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is optional.
DOI: 10.3390/app8081324
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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