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|標題:||Effect of Au Addition on the Microstructure and Properties of Ag-4Pd Bonding Wires||作者:||Bing-Hau Kuo
|Project:||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Volume 49, Issue 11, pp 5411–5422||摘要:||
Silver-based bonding wires such as Ag-4Pd and Ag-8Au-3Pd have drawn remarkable attention in the packaging industry because they are cheaper and more conductive than Au- and Cu-based wires, respectively. This study aimed to investigate the intermetallic compound (IMC) formation and growth at the bonding interface between Ag-4Pd wire and Al-pads and between Ag-8Au-3Pd wire and Al-pads. The as-bonded and reliability-tested Ag-4Pd/Al and Ag-8Au-3Pd/Al specimens were then investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (STEM-EDS). The bonding properties were examined by ball shear and wire pull tests. In the as-bonded state, hexagonal close-packed (HCP) (Ag, Pd)2Al and HCP Ag2Al were formed at the Ag-4Pd/Al interfaces, whereas dual phase consisting of face-centered cubic Ag alloy with HCP precipitates (Ag, Au, Pd)2Al crystals and HCP Ag2Al layers were observed at the Ag-8Au-3Pd/Al interfaces. The IMCs showed significant growth and oxidation during reliability tests at 130 °C and 85 pct relative humidity for 192 hours. Alloying Au in Ag-4Pd wires promoted the growth of the IMC layer and it also enhanced the mechanical properties in the as-bonded material. By contrast, overgrowth of the IMCs in the Ag-8Au-3Pd/Al system induced microcrack formation in bonding and thus degraded the reliability of the material.
|Appears in Collections:||材料科學與工程學系|
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