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標題: Mechanistic insights into avian reovirus p17-modulated suppression of cell cycle CDK-cyclin complexes and enhancement of p53 and cyclin H interaction
作者: Chiu, Hung-Chuan
Huang, Wei-Ru
Liao, Tsai-Ling
Chi, Pei-I
Nielsen, Brent L
Liu, Jyung-Hurng
Liu, Hung-Jen
關鍵字: CDK inhibitor;CDK–cyclin complexes;avian reovirus;cancer;cell cycle;cyclin;cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK);cyclin-dependent kinase 7 (CDK7);mutagenesis;p17;Animals;Cell Cycle;Chick Embryo;Chlorocebus aethiops;Colorectal Neoplasms;Cyclin H;Cyclin-Dependent Kinases;Cyclins;Humans;Orthoreovirus, Avian;Reoviridae Infections;Tumor Cells, Cultured;Tumor Suppressor Protein p53;Vero Cells;Viral Proteins
Project: The Journal of biological chemistry, Volume 293, Issue 32, Page(s) 12542-12562.
The avian reovirus p17 protein is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein. Although we have demonstrated that p17 causes cell growth retardation via activation of p53, the precise mechanisms remain unclear. This is the first report that avian reovirus p17 possesses broad inhibitory effects on cell cycle CDKs, cyclins, CDK-cyclin complexes, and CDK-activating kinase activity in various mammalian, avian, and cancer cell lines. Suppression of CDK activity by p17 occurs by direct binding to CDKs, cyclins, and CDK-cyclin complexes; transcriptional down-regulation of CDKs; cytoplasmic retention of CDKs and cyclins; and inhibition of CDK-activating kinase activity by promoting p53-cyclin H interaction. p17 binds to CDK-cyclin except for CDK1-cyclin B1 and CDK7-cyclin H complexes. We have determined that the negatively charged 151LAVXDVDA(E/D)DGADPN165 motif in cyclin B1 interacts with a positively charged region of CDK1. p17 mimics the cyclin B1 sequence to compete for CDK1 binding. The PSTAIRE motif is not required for interaction of CDK1-cyclin B1, but it is required for other CDK-cyclin complexes. p17 interacts with cyclins by its cyclin-binding motif, 125RXL127 Sequence and mutagenic analyses of p17 indicated that a 140WXFD143 motif and residues Asp-113 and Lys-122 in p17 are critical for CDK2 and CDK6 binding, leading to their sequestration in the cytoplasm. Exogenous expression of p17 significantly enhanced virus replication, whereas p17 mutants with low binding ability to cell cycle CDKs had no effect on virus yield, suggesting that p17 inhibits cell growth and the cell cycle, benefiting virus replication. An in vivo tumorigenesis assay also showed a significant reduction in tumor size.
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.002341
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