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標題: Tolerogenic β2-glycoprotein I DNA vaccine and FK506 as an adjuvant attenuates experimental obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome
作者: Chao, Ya-Hsuan
Chen, Der-Yuan
Lan, Joung-Liang
Tang, Kuo-Tung
Lin, Chi-Chien
關鍵字: Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic;Animals;Antibodies, Antiphospholipid;Antiphospholipid Syndrome;Autoantibodies;Cell Proliferation;Cytokines;Female;Immunosuppressive Agents;Mice;Mice, Inbred BALB C;Pregnancy;T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory;Tacrolimus;Vaccines, DNA;beta 2-Glycoprotein I;Disease Models, Animal
Project: PloS one, Volume 13, Issue 6, Page(s) e0198821.
DNA vaccines have recently emerged as a therapeutic agent for treating autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis. Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by β2-glycoprotein I (β2-GPI)-targeting antiphospholipid antibodies (APAs) and vascular thrombosis or obstetrical complications. To examine the therapeutic potential of a β2-GPI DNA vaccine, we administered a vaccine mixed with FK506 as an adjuvant to a mouse model of obstetric APS. First, the pCMV3-β2-GPI DNA vaccine, which encodes the full-length human β2-GPI gene, was constructed. Then, we administered the β2-GPI DNA vaccine in 0.1 ml of saline, mixed with or without 100 μg of FK506, intramuscularly to the mice on days 28, 35 and 42. Blood titers of the anti-β2-GPI antibody, platelet counts, activated partial thromboplastin times (aPTTs), and the percentage of fetal loss were measured. We also stimulated murine splenic T cells ex vivo with β2-GPI and determined the T helper cell proportion and cytokine secretion. The administration of the β2-GPI DNA vaccine mixed with FK506 reduced the blood IgG anti-β2-GPI antibody titers and suppressed APS manifestations in mice. The combination also suppressed interferon-γ and interleukin (IL)-17A secretion but increased the Treg cell proportion and IL-10 secretion in murine splenic T cells following ex vivo stimulation with β2-GPI. Our results demonstrated the therapeutic efficacy of a β2-GPI DNA vaccine and FK506 as an adjuvant in a murine model of obstetric APS. Possible mechanisms include the inhibition of Th1 and Th17 responses and the up-regulation of Treg cells.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198821
Appears in Collections:生物醫學研究所

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