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標題: 一帶一路與全球治理
Belt and Road Initiative and Global Governance
作者: 李明 
Ming Lee 
關鍵字: 中國大陸;習近平;一帶一路;國際關係;全球治理;新制度主義;China;Xi Jinping;Belt and Road initiative;international relations;global governance;neoinstitutionalism
Project: 全球政治評論, Issue 68, Page(s) 31-50 

Institutionalism, as one of the major branches of international relations theories, calls for the renovation of the international institutions. Following this idea, the Neoinstitutionalism argues that the indivisible actors like nation states, newly developed international organizations (both governmental and nongovernmental), multinational corporations, and individuals should be counted and concerned. It is especially crucial to solve those thorny issues that may not be dealt with by sovereign states via the renovation or establishment of international organizations. This trend attributes to the consensus resulting in the operation of "global governance" as the new channels of solving the international disputes, accelerating cooperation, and encountering challenges. Xi Jinping, the PRC's president since 2013, proclaimed his "Belt and Road" initiative that year for the purpose of adapting China's national development, particularly based on China's excessive productivity and abundant currency reserves, and invites the partnership of major Middle East, East European, Central Asian, ASEAN, African and Latin American countries for better chances of cooperation and development. This kind of economic cooperation originated from economic need, but infers massive spillover effect, and brings about new elements of global governance. Instead of inviting international nongovernmental organizations as the backbones of global governance, the Belt and Road initiative has been primarily nation-state operated. Beijing tries to sell its Belt and Road initiative while emphasizing its efforts in detracting the side effects caused, arguing that the Belt and Road initiative will "never be China's tool for geopolitics." Nonetheless, China's Belt and Road initiative, after its being introduced and enhanced, will be carefully scrutinized globally whether it is conducive to global governance and whether new-style of international relations be established.
Appears in Collections:全球政治評論第68期

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