Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/99718
標題: 美-中貿易競爭之結構性問題研究
A study on the Structural Problems of US-China Trade Competition
作者: 林詩凱 
Shih-Kai Lin 
關鍵字: 美-中貿易競爭;結構性經貿問題;智慧財產權;盜竊美國高科技技術;補貼國營企業;US-China trade competition;structural economic and trade problems;intellectual property rights;theft of US high-tech technology;subsidization to state-owned enterprises
Project: 全球政治評論, Issue 71, Page(s) 95-118 
摘要: 
2018年3月22日,川普簽署對中國「301條款」備忘錄,拉開美-中貿易戰之序幕,並對中國展開一系列之提升輸往中國關稅之措施。美-中貿易戰並非是單純的貿易摩擦爭議問題,是具有「結構性」的意涵,這種「結構性」的問題除了美-中貿易逆差之外,尚包括:長期盜竊美國高科技技術與智慧財產權、強迫投資國家技術轉讓、政府補貼國營企業,與政府操縱人民幣匯率。中國大陸這種計畫式經濟,或是國家主導式經濟發展模式,讓川普以「不公平貿易」的說法抓住了美-中貿易問題的著力點,也讓川普上台後採取「美國優先」和「公平貿易」口號,作為解決貿易赤字方針,並將中國視為重點打擊對象。

On March 22, 2018, Trump signed a "Section 301" memorandum on China, kicking off the US-China trade war. The move also led to a series of measures to raise tariffs on exports to China. The US-China trade war is not just a dispute over trade frictions, but a "structural" one. In addition to the US-China trade deficit, this "structural" problem includes chronic theft of US high-tech and intellectual property rights, forcing the transfer of foreign technology to Chinese companies, China government's subsidization to state-owned enterprises and China's manipulation of the RMB. China's planned, or state-led, model of economic development has allowed Trump to seize the US-China trade issue with the term "unfair trade." It also allowed Trump to adopt "America first" and "fair trade" slogans as his approach to addressing the trade deficit, and to treat China as a key target.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/99718
Appears in Collections:全球政治評論第71期

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