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The Analysis of Geopolitical Situation of the South China Sea in 2020, the Main Countries' Demands and Its Possible Impact on Taiwan's National Security
|關鍵字:||南海;地緣政治;國家安全;South China Sea;geopolitics;national security||Project:||全球政治評論, Issue 72, Page(s) 63-87||摘要:||
In recent years, as China's militarization and sovereign protection operations in the South China Sea have become more active, and the strategic competition and confrontation between the United States and China during the Trump Administration has become clear, the sovereignty claims in the South China Sea among the major claimants have also become more active in the region. The situation of confrontation and the risk of conflict arising from the implementation of the right to free navigation in this region through cooperation in military exercises by major countries continue to increase. As far as Taiwan is concerned, since Taiwan is one of the claimants for sovereignty in the South China Sea, and because of the significant enhancement of Taiwan-US relations in recent years, China has continued to strengthen its military intimidation operations in the Taiwan Strait and South China Sea. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate and analyze the possible impact of confrontational situation in the South China Sea during 2020 on Taiwan's national security in order to make appropriate responses and preparations in advance. From the perspective of national security, the confrontational situations in the South China Sea are likely to have the impact on Taiwan's military, political and diplomatic, and economic security. Therefore, for the military security, Taiwan should send the Marine Corps to station in the Pratas Island for responding Communist Party of China's military threat, and review and adjust Taiwan's fortifications on Itu Aba Island based on the latest situation. At the same time, Taiwan should strengthen the monitoring of change in the surrounding sea and airspace around Taiwan Strait and the South China Sea in order to ensure Taiwan's sovereignty over the waters and implement the protection operations of fishing. For the political and diplomatic security, in addition to be cautious and avoid to get involved in the confrontational situations between China and US and its allies in the South China Sea, Taiwan should enhance exchange and dialogues with other countries and take the participation in international anti-terrorism and disaster relief in the region as key cooperation areas. For the economic security, Taiwan should adjust its policies towards strengthening the stability and safety of external energy transportation routes, planning alternative shipping routes, strengthening the decentralization of its export markets and supply chains, so that it can reduce possible impact of the confrontational situation in the South China Sea on Taiwan's economic security.
|Appears in Collections:||全球政治評論第72期|
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